Tuesday, 12 April 2016

French Verb of Day.10 of Blogging A to Z Challenge -Jeter!

Salut mes amis!

The verb of the day is JeterI am writing this post in the same format as the first post of this challenge. Again, if you find any correction, please do not hesitate to point out. I am a French language learner, not a teacher. I'd appreciate the courteous and constructive feedback." I have divided the post into these main sections:

  • Pronunciation Link
  • Meaning of this Verb
  • Conjugation of the verb in different tenses and moods
  • Commonly used phrases with this verb
  • Proverb with this verb
  • Appearance of this verb in any song or textbook
Now, let's throw ourselves in learning various aspects of the verb of the day," Jeter!"

Pronunciation Link

To know the correct pronunciation of this verb, click here.

Meaning of the Verb

"Jeter" means throw, dump, and roll. When I thought of the alphabet “J”, this was the first verb that popped up in my head, and I have seen its usage in Alice in Wonderland that I’ve shared at the end of this post.

Conjugation of this verb in various tenses and moods

1. Indicatif – Generally, Indicatif is used to state facts.
    1. Présent – It is similar to Present tense of English. We use this form to express facts, conditions, habits, and routine. 
The sample sentences, as per my knowledge, could be:
I write whenever I can.
You don't like drama.
We love reading books.
They have money, but they do not have a heart.

Je jette
(Subject) throw(s) or is/are/am throwing
Tu jettes
Il jette
Nous jetons
Vous jetez
Ils jettent
    1. Passé Composé – It resonates with Present Perfect and Past forms of English language. This form is utilized to a talk about the actions that were completed in the past, and we wish to draw the attention towards its results.
I went to get a manicure in the morning.
He did not go to the office today.
I did not have the courage at that moment.
J’ai jeté
(Subject) threw, I have thrown
Tu as jeté
Il a jeté
Nous avons jeté
Vous avez jeté
Ils ont jeté
    1. Imparfait – Imparfait form is used to write about description, habit, and actions that occurred simultaneously in the past.
It was a beautiful day.
He was having a rough day.
I used to ride a bicycle in the rain.
Je jetais
(Subject) was throwing/ used to throw
Tu jetais
Il jetait
Nous jetions
Vous jetiez
Ils jetaient
    1. Plus-que-parfait – This is the French version of “Past perfect” of English language. If you are narrating an incident that occurred in the past, and I you wish to include a detail that happened even before the time of that incident, you use plus-que-parfait form.
I had studied a lot before I could get a job.
He had practiced his speech in front of the mirror before he went in front of a huge audience.
J’avais jeté
(Subject) had thrown
Tu avais jeté
Il avait jeté
Nous avions jeté
Vous aviez jeté
Ils avaient jeté
    1. Passé simple – Similar to Passé Composé, Passé simple is used to describe completed actions in the past and the actions that were interrupted in the past. Being same as Passé Composé, its examples are similar to Passé Composé.
Last year, I went to Bali.
While I was in Bali, I admired nature for hours.
Je jetai
(Subject) threw
Tu jetas
Il jeta
Nous jetâmes
Vous jetâtes
Ils jetèrent
    1. Passé antérieur – This is same as Past Perfect of English language. This form is mostly used in literature.
As soon as I was in the library, I decided to issue the book “Pride and Prejudice.”
After my grandfather had worked for sixty years, he started gardening.
J’eus jeté
(Subject) had thrown
Tu eus jeté
Il eut jeté
Nous eûmes jeté
Vous eûtes jeté
Ils eurent jeté
    1. Futur – Futur is same as Future tense of English language. This form comes into picture when we are either expressing an intended action in the future or making an assumption in both present and future. Also, it may be used to make a polite request.
Tomorrow, I will write a song.
You will never write a song.
Would Irine help me with the song?
If you ask her, you will know.
Je jetterai
(Subject) will throw
Tu jetteras
Il jettera
Nous jetterons
Vous jetterez
Ils jetteront
    1. Futur antérieur – Remember future perfect tense? Futur antérieur is its brother :) When you are imagining or considering something to happen in the future or something that might have happened in the past, you use this form.
He'll probably have had three boxes of cereal or he had drank three cartons of milk. (I know it's a stupid sentence, but I couldn't think of something else.)
By the time we'll reach, they will have hidden the evidence. (Crime investigation drama kicking in!)
J’aurai jetté
(Subject) will have thrown
Tu auras jeté
Il aura jeté
Nous aurons jeté
Vous aurez jeté
Ils auront jeté
    1. Future proche – Future Proche form is used to describe an event or action that is either definite to occur in a short while or planned to happen in the future.
I am going to get a laptop in two minutes. (I'm not :( )
My sister is getting ready in a minute.
Je vais jeter
(Subject) is/are/am throwing/about to throw
Tu vas jeter
Il va jeter
Nous allons jeter
Vous allez jeter
Ils vont jeter
    1. Conditionnel – This mood is used to express statements of possibility and condition.
      1. Présent – If we wish to express a possibility about present or future from a past point of view, then this would be my choice of sentence form.
I would like to be an author, someday.
Drashti thought that she might go on a vacation to Paris.
If she went to Paris, she could become a model.
Arun, could you stop teasing me?
Je jetterais
(Subject) would throw
Tu jetterais
Il jetterait
Nous jetterions
Vous jetteriez
Ils jetteraient
    1. Passé – Imagine that you are telling about an incident that happened in the past, where you expressed a possibility, then this is the form you need to be using. Of course, it is confusing, but don't worry. Hopefully, sample sentences will help in making it understandable.
If I had gone with you, I would have scolded him.
My grandfather would have sorted our problems if we had asked him.
*Tip – Use Conditionnel Passé in that part of the sentence that indicates a result of the action.
J’aurais jeté
(Subject) would have thrown
Tu aurais jeté
Il aurait jeté
Nous aurions jeté
Vous auriez jeté
Ils auraient jeté
    1. Passé - forme alternative – This form is used in literary formats of writing. Not my cup of tea! The same thought can be expressed by using above form.
J’eusse jeté
(Subject) would have thrown
Tu eusses jeté
Il eût jeté
Nous eussions jeté
Vous eussiez jeté
Ils eussent jeté
    1. Subjonctif – This mood of expressions focuses on various emotions, such as doubt, a fear, subjectivity, hope.
      1. Présent the – If the main part of the sentence is in present form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif présent form. Confused? Well, hopefully, sample sentences will clear the air.
It is important to me that my family eats dinner together.
I am happy that my readers like my blog.
que je jette
that (Subject) throw or is/are/am throwing
que tu jettes
qu’il jette
que nous jetions
que vous jetiez
qu’ils jettent
    1. Imparfait –If the main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif imparfait form. However, this form is used in literary docs. For ordinary usage, subjonctif passé is our guy.
que je jetasse
that (Subject) threw or that (Subject) was/were throwing
que tu jetasses
qu’il jetât
que nous jetassions
que vous jetassiez
qu’ils jetassent
    1. Plus-que-parfait – Again, this form is also used in literary documents.

que j’ eusse jeté
(Subject) would throw or threw
que tu eusses jeté
qu’il eût jeté
que nous eussions jeté
que vous eussiez jeté
qu’ils eussent jeté
    1. Passé – If main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif passé form. Other than this, if we are expressing emotions about somebody's past, then too, we use this form.
I had wished that he would succeed in his hunt for a decent job.
He is afraid that he received love from everybody only for his money.
que j’aie jeté
that (Subject) threw or that (Subject) was throwing
que tu aies jeté
qu’il ait jeté
que nous ayons jeté
que vous ayez jeté
qu’ils aient jeté
    1. Impératif – This mood is utilized to give orders.
      1. Présent – There is nothing to explain here. This form is utilized in giving orders.
Take me to the mall!
Drive me to the airport!
Sit with me!
Don't talk to me!

Let's throw!

Commonly used phrases with this verb

A few commonly used phrases, where this verb is an active participant are as follows:
Jeter à bas – Demolish
Jeter un coup d’ œil – glance
Jeter un sort sur – bewitch
Se jeter sur – dig in

Proverbs using this verb

For the shopaholics like me, French may use their proverb, “Jeter l’argent par les fenêtres.” This means frivolously spending money.

Appearance of this verb in any song or famous textbook 

If you have known me for a while, you must know that I love Alice in Wonderland book. I have purchased its French version Alice aux pays des merveilles, and I am excited to quote a passage from this book:

Alice se mit à rire si fort à ce spectacle qu’elle fut obligée de regagner le bois en courant, de peur d’être entendue. Quand elle se hasarda à jeter un coup d’œil, le Valet de pied-Poisson avait disparu, et l’autre était assis sur le sol près de la porte, à regarder fixement le ciel d’un air stupide.

: https://frenchtogether.com/french-idioms-money/


  1. All of your posts so far have been really informative, I really enjoy reading and learning from them :) Thank you!

    @LunaNoctis from There She Goes

    1. Thanks, Luna. I am glad that we are learning together :)