Tuesday, 19 April 2016

French Verb of Day.16 of Blogging #AtoZChallenge - Prendre!

Salut mes beaux amis!

The verb of the day is Prendre. I am writing this post in the same format as the first post of this challenge. Again, if you find any correction, please do not hesitate to point out. I am a French language learner, not a teacher. I'd appreciate the courteous and constructive feedback. I have divided the post into these main sections:
  • Pronunciation Link
  • Meaning of this Verb
  • Conjugation of the verb in different tenses and moods
  • Commonly used phrases with this verb
  • Proverb using this verb
  • Appearance of this verb in any song or textbook
So, let's have some fun while learning the usage of the verb of the day.

Pronunciation Link

Meaning of the Verb

"Prendre" means "take, seize or grab." In the context of a person, prendre would mean pick up. In terms of food, we use prendre to mean eat, drink or have. It is also used in the context of putting on weight.

Conjugation of this verb in various tenses and moods

1. Indicatif – Generally, Indicatif is used to state facts.
    1. Présent – It is similar to Present tense of English. We use this form to express facts, conditions, habits, and routine.
The sample sentences, as per my knowledge, could be:

I write whenever I can.

You don't like drama.

We love reading books.

They have money, but they do not have a heart.

Je prends

(Subject) take(s) or is/are/am taking
Tu prends
Il prend
Nous prenons
Vous prenez
Ils prennent
    1. Passé Composé – It resonates with Present Perfect and Past forms of English language. This form is utilized to a talk about the actions that were completed in the past, and we wish to draw the attention towards its results.
I went to get a manicure in the morning.

He did not go to the office today.

I did not have the courage at that moment.

J’ai pris (Subject) took(once), I have taken
Tu as pris
Il a pris
Nous avons pris
Vous avez pris
Ils ont pris
    1. Imparfait – Imparfait form is used to write about description, habit, and actions that occurred simultaneously in the past.
It was a beautiful day.

He was having a rough day.

I used to ride a bicycle in the rain.

Je prenais (Subject) was taking/ used to take
Tu prenais
Il prenait
Nous prenions
Vous preniez
Ils prenaient
    1. Plus-que-parfait – This is the French version of “Past perfect” of English language. If you are narrating an incident that occurred in the past, and I you wish to include a detail that happened even before the time of that incident, you use plus-que-parfait form.
I had studied a lot before I could get a job.

He had practiced his speech in front of the mirror before he went in front of a huge audience.

J’avais pris (Subject) had taken
Tu avais pris
Il avait pris
Nous avions pris
Vous aviez pris
Ils avaient pris
    1. Passé simple – Similar to Passé Composé, Passé simple is used to describe completed actions in the past and the actions that were interrupted in the past. Being same as Passé Composé, its examples are similar to Passé Composé.
Last year, I went to Bali.

While I was in Bali, I admired nature for hours.

Je pris (Subject) took
Tu pris
Il prit
Nous prî mes
Vous prî tes
Ils prirent
    1. Passé antérieur – This is same as Past Perfect of English language. This form is mostly used in literature.
As soon as I was in the library, I decided to issue the book “Pride and Prejudice.”

After my grandfather had worked for sixty years, he started gardening.

J’eus pris (Subject) had taken
Tu eus pris
Il eut pris
Nous eûmes pris
Vous eûtes pris
Ils eurent pris
    1. Futur – Futur is same as Future tense of English language. This form comes into picture when we are either expressing an intended action in the future or making an assumption in both present and future. Also, it may be used to make a polite request.
Tomorrow, I will write a song.

You will never write a song.

Would Irine help me with the song?

If you ask her, you will know.

Je prendrai (Subject) will take
Tu prendras
Il prendra
Nous prendrons
Vous prendrez
Ils prendront
    1. Futur antérieur – Remember future perfect tense? Futur antérieur is its brother :) When you are imagining or considering something to happen in the future or something that might have happened in the past, you use this form.
He'll probably have had three boxes of cereal or he had drank three cartons of milk. (I know it's a stupid sentence, but I couldn't think of something else.)

By the time we'll reach, they will have hidden the evidence. (Crime investigation drama kicking in!)

J’aurai pris (Subject) will have taken/ will had taken
Tu auras pris
Il aura pris
Nous aurons pris
Vous aurez pris
Ils auront pris
    1. Future proche – Future Proche form is used to describe an event or action that is either definite to occur in a short while or planned to happen in the future.
I am going to get a laptop in two minutes. (I'm not :( )

My sister is getting ready in a minute.

Je vais prendre (Subject) is/are/am taking/about to take
Tu vas prendre
Il va prendre
Nous allons prendre
Vous allez prendre
Ils vont prendre

    1. Conditionnel – This mood is used to express statements of possibility and condition.
          1. Présent – If we wish to express a possibility about present or future from a past point of view, then this would be my choice of sentence form.
      I would like to be an author, someday.

      Drashti thought that she might go on a vacation to Paris.

      If she went to Paris, she could become a model.

      Arun, could you stop teasing me?

      Je prendrais (Subject) would take
      Tu prendrais
      Il prendrait
      Nous prendrions
      Vous prendriez
      Ils prendraient
        1. Passé – Imagine that you are telling about an incident that happened in the past, where you expressed a possibility, then this is the form you need to be using. Of course, it is confusing, but don't worry. Hopefully, sample sentences will help in making it understandable.
      If I had gone with you, I would have scolded him.
      My grandfather would have sorted our problems if we had asked him.
      *Tip – Use Conditionnel Passé in that part of the sentence that indicates a result of the action.
      J’aurais pris (Subject) would had taken/ would have taken
      Tu aurais pris
      Il aurait pris
      Nous aurions pris
      Vous auriez pris
      Ils auraient pris
        1. Passé - forme alternative – This form is used in literary formats of writing. Not my cup of tea! The same thought can be expressed by using above form.
      J’eusse pris (Subject) would had taken/ would have taken
      Tu eusses pris
      Il eût pris
      Nous eussions pris
      Vous eussiez pris
      Ils eussent pris

    1. Subjonctif – This mood of expressions focuses on various emotions, such as doubt, a fear, subjectivity, hope.
          1. Présent – If the main part of the sentence is in present form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif présent form. Confused? Well, hopefully, sample sentences will clear the air.
      It is important to me that my family eats dinner together.
      I am happy that my readers like my blog.

      que je prenne that (Subject) take(s) or is/are/am taking
      que tu prennes
      qu’il prenne
      que nous prenions
      que vous preniez
      qu’ils prennent
        1. Imparfait –If the main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif imparfait form. However, this form is used in literary docs. For ordinary usage, subjonctif passé is our guy.
      que je prisse that (Subject) take(s) or that (Subject) was/were taking
      que tu prisses
      qu’il prît
      que nous prissions
      que vous prissiez
      qu’ils prissent
        1. Plus-que-parfait – Again, this form is also used in literary documents.
      que j’ eusse pris (Subject) would take/ take
      que tu eusses pris
      qu’il eût pris
      que nous eussions pris
      que vous eussiez pris
      qu’ils eussent pris
        1. Passé – If main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif passé form. Other than this, if we are expressing emotions about somebody's past, then too, we use this form.
      I had wished that he would succeed in his hunt for a decent job.

      He is afraid that he received love from everybody only for his money.

      que j’aie pris that (Subject) take(s) or that (Subject) was taking
      que tu aies pris
      qu’il ait pris
      que nous ayons pris
      que vous ayez pris
      qu’ils aient pris

    1. Impératif – This mood is utilized to give orders.
      1. Présent – There is nothing to explain here. This form is utilized in giving orders.
Take me to the mall!

Drive me to the airport!

Sit with me!

Don't talk to me!

PrenonsLet's take!

Commonly used phrases with this verb

Two of the useful phrases are:

  1. prendre une douche  -- take a shower
  2. prendre une pilule -- take a pill
  3. prendre au dépourvu - catch off guard

Proverb using this verb

"C'est volour prendre la lièvre au son du tampour" is the English equivalent of "drumming is npot the only way to catch a hare.

Appearance of this verb in any song or famous textbook 

Of corse, Alice in Wonderland comes to a rescue once again. Describing a scene of the Hatter and his tea party.

Sous un arbre, devant la maison, se trouvait une table servie où le lière de Mars et le Chapelier étaienten train de prendre le thé; un Loir, qui dormait profondément, était assis entre eux, et les deux autres appuyaient leurscoudes sur lui comme sur un coussin en parlant par-dessus sa tête.

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