Salut mes beaux amis!
The verb of the day is Signifier. I am writing this post in the same format as the first post of this challenge. Again, if you find any correction, please do not hesitate to point out. I am a French language learner, not a teacher. I'd appreciate the courteous and constructive feedback. I have divided the post into these main sections:
- Pronunciation Link
- Meaning of this Verb
- Conjugation of the verb in different tenses and moods
- Appearance of this verb in any song or textbook
Meaning of the Verb
Signify means, you guessed it right, to signify or mean. Many words in the french language are similar to that of English. Obviously, pronunciations are very different.
Conjugation of this verb in various tenses and moods
1. Indicatif – Generally, Indicatif is used to state facts.
- Présent –
The sample sentences, as per my knowledge, could be:
- It is similar to Present tense of English. We use this form to express facts, conditions, habits, and routine.
I write whenever I can.
You don't like drama.
We love reading books.
They have money, but they do not have a heart.
(Subject) signify(s) or is/are/am signifying
Tu signifies Il signifie Nous signifions Vous signifiez Ils signifient
I went to get a manicure in the morning.
- Passé Composé – It resonates with Present Perfect and Past forms of English language. This form is utilized to a talk about the actions that were completed in the past, and we wish to draw the attention towards its results.
He did not go to the office today.
I did not have the courage at that moment.
J’ai signifié (Subject) signifed(once), I have signifed Tu as signifié Il a signifié Nous avons signifié Vous avez signifié Ils ont signifié
It was a beautiful day.
- Imparfait – Imparfait form is used to write about description, habit, and actions that occurred simultaneously in the past.
He was having a rough day.
I used to ride a bicycle in the rain.
Je signifiais (Subject) was signifying/ used to signify Tu signifiais Il signifiait Nous signifiions Vous signifiiez Ils signifiaient
I had studied a lot before I could get a job.
- Plus-que-parfait – This is the French version of “Past perfect” of English language. If you are narrating an incident that occurred in the past, and I you wish to include a detail that happened even before the time of that incident, you use plus-que-parfait form.
He had practiced his speech in front of the mirror before he went in front of a huge audience.
J’avais signifié (Subject) had signified Tu avais signifié Il avait signifié Nous avions signifié Vous aviez signifié Ils avaient signifié
Last year, I went to Bali.
- Passé simple – Similar to Passé Composé, Passé simple is used to describe completed actions in the past and the actions that were interrupted in the past. Being same as Passé Composé, its examples are similar to Passé Composé.
While I was in Bali, I admired nature for hours.
Je signifiai (Subject) signifeded Tu signifias Il signifia Nous signifiâmes Vous signifiâtes Ils signifièrent
As soon as I was in the library, I decided to issue the book “Pride and Prejudice.”
- Passé antérieur – This is same as Past Perfect of English language. This form is mostly used in literature.
After my grandfather had worked for sixty years, he started gardening.
J’eus signifié (Subject) had signifed Tu eus signifié Il eut signifié Nous eûmes signifié Vous eûtes signifié Ils eurent signifié
Tomorrow, I will write a song.
- Futur – Futur is same as Future tense of English language. This form comes into picture when we are either expressing an intended action in the future or making an assumption in both present and future. Also, it may be used to make a polite request.
You will never write a song.
Would Irine help me with the song?
If you ask her, you will know.
Je signifierai (Subject) will signify Tu signifieras Il signifiera Nous signifierons Vous signifierez Ils signifieront
He'll probably have had three boxes of cereal or he had drank three cartons of milk. (I know it's a stupid sentence, but I couldn't think of something else.)
- Futur antérieur – Remember future perfect tense? Futur antérieur is its brother :) When you are imagining or considering something to happen in the future or something that might have happened in the past, you use this form.
By the time we'll reach, they will have hidden the evidence. (Crime investigation drama kicking in!)
J’aurai signifié (Subject) will have signifed/ will had signifed Tu auras signifié Il aura signifié Nous aurons signifié Vous aurez signifié Ils auront signifié
I am going to get a laptop in two minutes. (I'm not :( )
- Future proche – Future Proche form is used to describe an event or action that is either definite to occur in a short while or planned to happen in the future.
My sister is getting ready in a minute.
Je vais signifier (Subject) is/are/am signifying/about to signify Tu vas signifier Il va signifier Nous allons signifier Vous allez signifier Ils vont signifier
- Conditionnel – This mood is used to express statements of possibility and condition.
I would like to be an author, someday.
- Présent – If we wish to express a possibility about present or future from a past point of view, then this would be my choice of sentence form.
- Passé – Imagine that you are telling about an incident that happened in the past, where you expressed a possibility, then this is the form you need to be using. Of course, it is confusing, but don't worry. Hopefully, sample sentences will help in making it understandable.
- Passé - forme alternative – This form is used in literary formats of writing. Not my cup of tea! The same thought can be expressed by using above form.
Drashti thought that she might go on a vacation to Paris.
If she went to Paris, she could become a model.
Arun, could you stop teasing me?
Je signifierais (Subject) would signify Tu signifierais Il signifierait Nous signifierions Vous signifieriez Ils signifieraientIf I had gone with you, I would have scolded him.My grandfather would have sorted our problems if we had asked him.*Tip – Use Conditionnel Passé in that part of the sentence that indicates a result of the action. J’aurais signifié (Subject) would had signified/ would have signified Tu aurais signifié Il aurait signifié Nous aurions signifié Vous auriez signifié Ils auraient signifié J’eusse signifié (Subject) would had signified/ would have signified Tu eusses signifié Il eût signifié Nous eussions signifié Vous eussiez signifié Ils eussent signifié
- Subjonctif – This mood of expressions focuses on various emotions, such as doubt, a fear, subjectivity, hope.
It is important to me that my family eats dinner together.I am happy that my readers like my blog.
- Présent – If the main part of the sentence is in present form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif présent form. Confused? Well, hopefully, sample sentences will clear the air.
que je signifie that (Subject) signify(s) or is/are/am signifying que tu signifies qu’il signifie que nous signifiions que vous signifiiez qu’ils signifient
- Imparfait –If the main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif imparfait form. However, this form is used in literary docs. For ordinary usage, subjonctif passé is our guy.
que je signifiasse that (Subject) signify(s) or that (Subject) was/were signifying que tu signifiasses qu’il signifiât que nous signifiassions que vous signifiassiez qu’ils signifiassent
- Plus-que-parfait – Again, this form is also used in literary documents.
que j’ eusse signifié (Subject) would signify/ signify que tu eusses signifié qu’il eût signifié que nous eussions signifié que vous eussiez signifié qu’ils eussent signifié
I had wished that he would succeed in his hunt for a decent job.
- Passé – If main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif passé form. Other than this, if we are expressing emotions about somebody's past, then too, we use this form.
He is afraid that he received love from everybody only for his money.
que j’aie signifié that (Subject) signify(s) or that (Subject) was signifying que tu aies signifié qu’il ait signifié que nous ayons signifié que vous ayez signifié qu’ils aient signifié
- Impératif – This mood is utilized to give orders.
- Présent – There is nothing to explain here. This form is utilized in giving orders.
Drive me to the airport!
Sit with me!
Don't talk to me!
Signifie Signify! Signifions Let's signify! Signifiez Signify!
Appearance of this verb in any song or famous textbook
Read this passege from Alice in Wonderland:
Elle se répéta ce dernier mot deux ou trois fois, très fière de le savoir; car elle pensait, à juste titre d'ailleurs, que très peu de petites filles de son âge en connaissaient la signification. Néanmoins, elle aurait pu tout aussi bien employer le mot: «jurés».